Report shows costs of taking no action on climate change
The results of a major new scientific assessment of climate change has been published (just seconds ago) which highlights the effects the world (24 focus countries in particular) could face if global temperature changes are not limited to two degrees (which will be the case as IEA warned recently).
The assessment was commissioned by Chris Huhne, the UK’s Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change, and lead by the Met Office Hadley Centre studied 24 different countries, from developed to developing.
The report underlines that temperatures would rise generally between 3-5 degrees Celsius this century, if emissions are left unchecked. This could be followed by significant changes in rainfall patterns, which may lead to increased pressure on crop production, water stress and flood risks.
The production of staple food crops may decline in parts of Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Russia, Turkey, and the USA.
Summary of the report (taken from the press release):
• All countries studied show an increase in the number of people at risk from coastal flooding due to sea level rise. By the end of the century, in the worst case scenario, up to about 49 million additional people could be at risk, with the majority being in Bangladesh, China, India, Egypt and Indonesia;
• The majority of countries studied are projected to see a significant increased risk of river flooding;
• The production of staple food crops may decline in parts of Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Russia, Turkey, and the USA. In some cases, crop yield increases may be expected for example in Germany and Japan. Food security is highlighted as a growing risk before 2040 in Bangladesh and India;
• Water resources are threatened by drought and growing demand. Areas highlighted as likely to suffer increased water stress include parts of Italy, France and the southwest USA. In some cases however, water stress may decline in some regions.
The report will be accessible at: www.metoffice.gov.uk/climate-change/policy-relevant/obs-projections-impacts after 15:30 GMT, today.
* The reports consider how climate has been changing and what effect this has had and assess future impacts of climate change across 24 major economies including both developed and developing nations.
* The countries covered in the project are: Argentina, Australia, Bangladesh, Brazil, Canada, China, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Mexico, Peru, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Republic of Korea, Spain, Turkey, UK and USA. The Canadian report was not completed in time for publication at Durban.
* For any press inquiry please contact:Department of Energy and Climate Change 3 Whitehall Place, London, SW1A 2AW Press enquiries +44 (0)300 068 5218 Public enquiries +44 (0)300 060 4000 Textphone +44 (0)20 7215 6740 (for those with hearing impairment)